Through a cooperative agreement between BJA and Impact Justice

Gender Responsive Strategies – Adults

Curriculum Title: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Men, Women, and Gender Nonconforming Populations

Partner developer: The Project on Addressing Prison Rape, American Univeristy Washington College of Law

Purpose:

The Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Men, Women, and Gender Nonconforming Populations curriculum covers the national Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards and implications for preventing and addressing sexual abuse of of men, women, and gender nonconforming inmates.

Following are the goals of the training.

  1. Review the applicable PREA standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact.
  2. Review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women, and gender nonconforming populations.
  3. Identify the components of human sexuality and institutional culture and their impact on sexual abuse of inmates.
  4. Discuss immediate and long-term medical and mental health care needs of inmate victims of sexual abuse.
  5. Identify legal, investigative, and other implications of responding to custodial sexual abuse.   

Intended Audience

The audience for this particular training is high-level correctional administrators who hold positions of leadership and have the ability to initiate change within the agency. Likely trainees include: commissioners, deputy commissioners, division directors, PREA coordinators, PREA compliance managers, trainers, jail administrators, medical and mental health division directors and/or victim services administrators, and/or community partners (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] advocates; community and victim services providers). Many of the modules are also appropriate for line staff.

Number of modules: 14

Expected length of training
This curriculum is designed to be a 24-hour training. However, we recognize that agencies may not have three uninterrupted days to conduct the training. This curriculum is designed to used in whole, in part, and/or in condensed version. Agencies should feel free to modify per their specific timing and training needs.

Facilitators Guide

Quick Sheet

Module 1: Training Objectives (30 minutes)

Module 2: The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (one hour)

Module 2 Resources:

  1. The National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards
  2. Data Collection Reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics
  3. Final report from the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission
  4. Reports from the Review Panel on Prison Rape
  5. The Prison Rape Elimination Act: Implementation and Unresolved Issues

Module 3: Vectors of Sexual Abuse in Custody—Gender, Sexuality, and
Victimization
(45 minutes)

Module 3 Resources:

  1. Uncomfortable Places, Close Spaces: Female Correctional Workers’ Sexual Interactions With Men and Boys in Custody

Module 4: Sexuality and Sexual Behaviors in Correctional Settings (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 4 Resources:

  1. Risk Markers for Sexual Predation and Victimization in Prison
  2. Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving
  3. Security in Women’s Facilities (Part I: Improving Security in Women’s Facilities)
  4. The Culture of Prison Sexual Violence
  5. Rethinking Prison Sex: Self Expression and Safety
  6. The Effect of Conjugal Visitation on Sexual Violence in Prison

Module 5: Implications of Institutional and Staff Culture on Sexual Abuse in Custody (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 5 Resources:

  1. Culture Assessment Survey
  2. Ethical Decision Making
  3. The Daily Dozen
  4. Staff Perspectives: Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails
  5. Prison Warden Attitudes Toward Prison Rape and Sexual Assault: Findings Since the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA)
  6. Correctional Officers and Their Perceptions of Homosexuality, Rape and Prostitution in Male Prisoners

Module 6: Implications of Inmate Culture on Addressing Sexual Abuse in Custody (one hour)

Module 6 Resources:

  1. Examining the Characteristics of Male Sexual Assault Targets in a Southern Maximum Security Prison
  2. The Evolving Nature of Prison Argot and Sexual Hierarchies
  3. Rape Among Incarcerated Men: Sex and Coercion and STDs
  4. Masturbation Uncovered: Autoeroticism in a Female Prison
  5. Sexual Assault and Coercion Among Incarcerated Women Prisoners
  6. The Changing Nature of Interpersonal Relationships in Women’s Prisons
  7. Lesbianism Among Female Prisoners: Participants and Non-Participants
  8. Sexual Coercion Reported by Women in Three Midwestern Prisons
  9. Sexual Coercion Rates in Seven Midwestern Prison Facilities for Men
  10. A Comparison of Sexual Coercion Experiences Reported by Men and Women in Prison

Module 7: Gender and Victimization (45 minutes)

Module 7 Resources:

  1. The Neurobiology of Sexual Assault

Module 8: State Criminal Laws (one hour)

Module 8 Resources:

  1. 50 State Surveys of State Criminal Laws on: Staff Sexual Misconduct, Sex Offender Registration, Vulnerable Persons, Mandatory Reporting, Sexual Abuse, Child Exploitation and Malfeasance in Office
  2. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: State Criminal Laws Prohibiting the Sexual Abuse of Individuals under Custodial Supervision
  3. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Sex Offender Registration Statutes: Impact on Addressing Sexual Abuse in Custodial Settings
  4. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Using Existing State Mandatory Reporting Statutes to Improve Disclosure of Sexual Violence in Correctional Settings

Module 9: Policy (one hour and 15 minutes)

Module 9 Resources:

  1. Policy Development/Review guides for:
    Community Corrections

    Jails

    PREA

    LGBTI

Module 10: Medical and Mental Health of Victims in Custody (one hour and 15 minutes)

Module 10 Resources:

  1. A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations
  2. Recommendations for Administrators of Prisons, Jails, and Community Confinement Facilities for Adapting the U.S. Department of Justice’s A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents
  3. The Impact and Recovery of Prisoner Rape
  4. HIV/ AIDS and Other Infectious Diseases among Correctional Inmates
  5. Health Organization Ethics Chart - Coming soon

Module 11: Operational Practices (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 12: Gender Implications for Investigations (two hours)

Module 12 Resources:

  1. Signs of Staff Sexual Misconduct
  2. United States. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General. The Department of Justice's Efforts to Prevent Staff Sexual Abuse of Federal Inmates
  3. Staff Perspectives: Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails “Issues in Investigating Sexual Assaults in Correctional Facilities" Issues in Investigating Sexual Assaults in Correctional Facilities” Staff Perspectives: Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails. The Moss Group Inc
  4. Correctional Internal Affairs Investigators: Job Analysis. Compiled by The Moss Group Inc.

Module 13: Human Resources and the Impact of Gender (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 13 Resources:

  1. Sample reference waivers- for this resource email Endsilence@wcl.american.edu.
  2. Report by the Office of the Inspector General: Enhanced Screening of BOP Officer Candidates Could Reduce Likelihood of Misconduct
  3. Memorandum: Anti-Fraternization Policies
  4. Policy on Worker Relations Helps Ensure Office Integrity

Module 14: Legal Liability and Gender (two hours)

Module 14 Resources:

  1. Cross Gender Supervision: A Case Law Survey
  2. Sexual Abuse in Custody: A Case Law Survey
  3. Watching You, Watching Me

Pre-test

Post-test

Evaluation