Curriculum Title: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Boys, Girls, and Gender Nonconforming Youth
Partner developer: The Project on Addressing Prison Rape, American University Washington College of Law
Purpose: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Boys, Girls, and Gender Nonconforming Youth is a training that covers the national Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards and implications for preventing and addressing sexual abuse of boys, girls, and gender nonconforming youth.
Following are the goals of the training.
- Review the applicable PREA standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact.
- Review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for boys, girls, and gender nonconforming youth.
- Identify the components of adolescent development and sexuality and understand their impact on sexual abuse of youth.
- Discuss immediate and long-term medical and mental health care needs of youthful victims of sexual abuse.
- Identify legal, investigative, and other implications and strategies for responding to custodial sexual abuse.
The audience for this particular training is high-level correctional administrators who hold positions of leadership and have the ability to initiate change within the agency. Likely trainees include: commissioners, deputy commissioners, division directors, PREA coordinators, PREA compliance managers, trainers, jail administrators, medical and mental health division directors and/or victim services administrators, and/or community partners (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] advocates, community and victim services providers).
Expected length of training
This curriculum is designed to be a 24-hour training. However, we recognize that agencies may not have three uninterrupted days to conduct the training. This curriculum is designed to used in whole, in part, and/or in condensed version. Agencies should feel free to modify per their specific timing and training needs.
Module 1: Training Objectives (30 minutes)
Module 2 Resources:
- The National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards
- Data Collection Reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics
- Final report from the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission
- Reports from the Review Panel on Prison Rape
- The Prison Rape Elimination Act: Implementation and Unresolved Issues
Module 3 Resources:
- Uncomfortable Places, Close Spaces: Female Correctional Workers’ Sexual Interactions With Men and Boys in Custody
Module 4 Resources:
- Facts for Families
- The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development
- Adolescent Emotional Development and Romantic Attachments
- The Complexities of Sexual Decision Making in Adolescence
- Stages of Adolescent Development Chart
Module 5: Adolescent Sexuality (one hour)
Module 5 Resources:
- Sexuality Issues for Adolescents with Physical and/or Developmental Disabilities
- Adolescents and Non-consensual Sex Sexuality and Sexual Behaviors in Adolescence
- Sexuality and Sexual Behaviours in Adolescence
Module 6 Resources:
Module 7: Gender and Victimization (45 minutes)
Module 7 Resources:
Module 8: State Criminal Laws (one hour)
Module 8 Resources:
- 50 State Surveys of State Criminal Laws on: Staff Sexual Misconduct, Sex Offender Registration, Vulnerable Persons, Mandatory Reporting, Sexual Abuse, Child Exploitation and Malfeasance in Office
- Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: State Criminal Laws Prohibiting the Sexual Abuse of Individuals under Custodial Supervision
- Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Sex Offender Registration Statutes: Impact on Addressing Sexual Abuse in Custodial Settings
- Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Using Existing State Mandatory Reporting Statutes to Improve Disclosure of Sexual Violence in Correctional Settings
Module 9: Policy (one hour and 15 minutes)
Module 9 Resources:
Module 10: Medical and Mental Health of Victims in Custody (one hour and 15 minutes)
Module 10 Resources:
- A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations
- Psychiatric Disorders of Youth in Detention
- State Sexual Assault Coalitions
- Assessing the Mental Health Status of Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings
- The Violence Against Women Act 2013
Module 11: Operational Practices (one hour)
Module 12 Resources:
Module 13: Human Resources and the Impact of Gender (one hour and 30 minutes)
Module 13 Resources:
- Sample reference waivers- for this resource email Endsilence@wcl.american.edu.
- Report by the Office of the Inspector General: Enhanced Screening of BOP Officer Candidates Could Reduce Likelihood of Misconduct
- Memorandum: Anti-Fraternization Policies
- Labor and Employment Law: Tools for Prevention, Investigation and Discipline of Staff Sexual Misconduct in Custodial Settings
- Policy on Worker Relations Helps Ensure Office Integrity
Module 14: Legal Liability and Gender (one hour and 30 minutes)
Module 14 Resources:
- Cross Gender Supervision: A Case Law Survey
- Sexual Abuse in Custody: A Case Law Survey
- Anti-fraternization: A Case Law Survey
- Watching You, Watching Me