Gender Responsive Strategies – Juveniles

Curriculum Title: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Boys, Girls, and Gender Nonconforming Youth

Partner developer: The Project on Addressing Prison Rape, American University Washington College of Law

Purpose: Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Addressing the Needs of Boys, Girls, and Gender Nonconforming Youth is a training that covers the national Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards and implications for preventing and addressing sexual abuse of boys, girls, and gender nonconforming youth.

Following are the goals of the training.

  1. Review the applicable PREA standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact.
  2. Review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for boys, girls, and gender nonconforming youth.
  3. Identify the components of adolescent development and sexuality and understand their impact on sexual abuse of youth.
  4. Discuss immediate and long-term medical and mental health care needs of youthful victims of sexual abuse.
  5. Identify legal, investigative, and other implications and strategies for  responding to custodial sexual abuse.

Intended audience:
The audience for this particular training is high-level correctional administrators who hold positions of leadership and have the ability to initiate change within the agency. Likely trainees include: commissioners, deputy commissioners, division directors, PREA coordinators, PREA compliance managers, trainers, jail administrators, medical and mental health division directors and/or victim services administrators, and/or community partners (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] advocates, community and victim services providers).

Expected length of training
This curriculum is designed to be a 24-hour training. However, we recognize that agencies may not have three uninterrupted days to conduct the training. This curriculum is designed to used in whole, in part, and/or in condensed version. Agencies should feel free to modify per their specific timing and training needs.

Facilitator's Guide


Module 1: Training Objectives (30 minutes)

Module 2: The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (one hour)

Module 2 Resources:

  1. The National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards
  2. Data Collection Reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics
  3. Final report from the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission
  4. Reports from the Review Panel on Prison Rape
  5. The Prison Rape Elimination Act: Implementation and Unresolved Issues

Module 3: Vectors of Sexual Abuse in Custody—Gender, Sexuality, and
(45 minutes)

Module 3 Resources:

  1. Uncomfortable Places, Close Spaces: Female Correctional Workers’ Sexual Interactions With Men and Boys in Custody

Module 4: Adolescent Development (one hour and 15 minutes)

Module 4 Resources:

  1. Facts for Families
  2. The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development
  3. Adolescent Emotional Development and Romantic Attachments
  4. The Complexities of Sexual Decision Making in Adolescence
  5. Stages of Adolescent Development Chart

Module 5: Adolescent Sexuality (one hour)

Module 5 Resources:

  1. Sexuality Issues for Adolescents with Physical and/or Developmental Disabilities
  2. Adolescents and Non-consensual Sex Sexuality and Sexual Behaviors in Adolescence
  3. Sexuality and Sexual Behaviours in Adolescence

Module 6: The Impact of Culture—Agency and Youth (one hour)

Module 6 Resources:

  1. Culture Assessment Survey
  2. Ethical Decision Making
  3. The Daily Dozen
  4. Culture and Change Management

Module 7: Gender and Victimization (45 minutes)

Module 7 Resources:

  1. The Neurobiology of Sexual Assault

Module 8: State Criminal Laws (one hour)

Module 8 Resources:

  1. 50 State Surveys of State Criminal Laws on: Staff Sexual Misconduct, Sex Offender Registration, Vulnerable Persons, Mandatory Reporting, Sexual Abuse, Child Exploitation and Malfeasance in Office
  2. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: State Criminal Laws Prohibiting the Sexual Abuse of Individuals under Custodial Supervision
  3. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Sex Offender Registration Statutes: Impact on Addressing Sexual Abuse in Custodial Settings
  4. Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Using Existing State Mandatory Reporting Statutes to Improve Disclosure of Sexual Violence in Correctional Settings

Module 9: Policy (one hour and 15 minutes)

Module 9 Resources:

  1. Policy Development/Review guides for:
    Community Corrections




Module 10: Medical and Mental Health of Victims in Custody (one hour and 15 minutes)

Module 10 Resources:

  1. A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations
  2. Psychiatric Disorders of Youth in Detention
  3. State Sexual Assault Coalitions
  4. Assessing the Mental Health Status of Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings
  5. The Violence Against Women Act 2013

Module 11: Operational Practices (one hour)

Module 12: Gender Implications for Investigations (two hours)

Module 12 Resources:

  1. Sample Garrity Warning
  2. Sample Interview Questions

Module 13: Human Resources and the Impact of Gender (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 13 Resources:

  1. Sample reference waivers- for this resource email [email protected].
  2. Report by the Office of the Inspector General: Enhanced Screening of BOP Officer Candidates Could Reduce Likelihood of Misconduct
  3. Memorandum: Anti-Fraternization Policies
  4. Labor and Employment Law: Tools for Prevention, Investigation and Discipline of Staff Sexual Misconduct in Custodial Settings
  5. Policy on Worker Relations Helps Ensure Office Integrity

Module 14: Legal Liability and Gender (one hour and 30 minutes)

Module 14 Resources:

  1. Cross Gender Supervision: A Case Law Survey
  2. Sexual Abuse in Custody: A Case Law Survey
  3. Anti-fraternization: A Case Law Survey
  4. Watching You, Watching Me