The standards require that all facilities provide timely, unimpeded access to emergency medical treatment and crisis intervention services, whose nature and scope are determined by practitioners according to their professional judgment. Inmate and resident victims of sexual abuse while incarcerated must be offered timely information about, and timely access to, emergency contraception and sexually transmitted infections prophylaxis, where medically appropriate.5 Where relevant, inmate and resident victims must also receive comprehensive information about, and timely access to, all lawful pregnancy-related medical services.6
Below are resources that can help guide efforts to provide appropriate medical and mental health care for victims of sexual abuse.
- Specialized Training: Medical/Mental Health Care, National Commission on Correctional Healthcare (2013).
- Sexual Abuse in Correctional Settings: What Rape Crisis Counselors Need to Know, The Project on Addressing Prison Rape (2011).
- Medical Management of Exposures: HIV, HBV, HCV, Human Bites, and Sexual Assaults, Federal Bureau of Prisons (2009).
- The Violence Against Women Act: Denying Needed Resources Based on Criminal History, Jaime M. Yarussi (2008).
- Effects of Sexual Assault on Men: Physical, Mental, and Sexual Consequences, Richard Tewksbury (2007).
- A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents, Second Edition, US Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (2013).
- Standards for Psychology Services in Jails, Prisons, Correctional Facilities, and Agencies, American Association for Correctional Psychology (1999).
- Hope for Healing: Information for Survivors of Sexual Assault in Detention, Just Detention International (2011).
- Sexual Abuse Behind Bars: Serving Incarcerated Victims Webinar, Just Detention International (2012).
Adult Prisons and Jails
- Medical Examination Checklist and Investigative Procedure, California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (2012).
Community Confinement Facilities
- Hearing: Special Topics in Preventing and Responding to Prison Rape: Medical and Mental Health Care, Community Corrections Settings, and Oversight, National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (2007).
- A Public Health Manual for Correctional Health Care, Hampden County Sheriff’s Department and Massachusetts Public Health Association (2002).
- Teen Sense: Model Sexual Healthcare Standards for Youth in State Custody, Center for HIV Law and Policy (2012).
- Mental Health and Juvenile Justice: Moving Toward More Effective Systems of Care, Jane Koppelman (2005).
- Double Jeopardy: Adolescent Offenders With Mental Disorders (Executive Summary), Thomas Grisso (2004).