Through a cooperative agreement between BJA and Impact Justice

3. Training and Education

These standards set out the requirements for training and educating employees, volunteers, contractors, inmates, residents, detainees, staff who investigate sexual abuse, and medical and mental health staff. The resources below offer information and curricula for training the different audiences. See below for links to the standards and helpful resources.

STANDARDS. Click on the following links to access the training and education standards for Adult Prisons and Jails, Community Confinement Facilities, Juvenile Facilities, and Lockups.

Issues

Training and Education - Issues - Training

Training

Standard 115.31/115.131/115.231/115.331 requires agencies to train all employees who have contact with inmates/detainees/residents on specific topics related to sexual abuse and sexual harassment. Agencies must provide refresher training every two years. Standard 115.32/115.132/115.232/115.332 requires agencies to train all volunteers and contractors who have contact with inmates/detainees/residents on their responsibilities under the agency’s sexual abuse and sexual harassment policies and procedures. Under the standards, agencies may tailor the level and type of training provided to volunteers and contractors based on how much contact they have with inmates/detainees/residents.

Recognizing that conducting investigations of sexual abuse in confinement settings requires specialized knowledge and skills, Standard 115.34/115.134/115.234/115.334 mandates specialized training for agency investigators that conduct those investigations. The standard requires training on techniques for interviewing sexual abuse victims, proper use of Miranda and Garrity warnings, sexual abuse evidence collection in confinement settings, and the criteria and evidence required to substantiate a case for administrative action or prosecution referral. Standard 115.35/115.235/115.335 similarly requires specialized training for medical and mental health care practitioners in prisons, jails, community confinement facilities, and juvenile facilities. Such practitioners are required to be trained on how to detect and assess signs of sexual abuse and sexual harassment, how to preserve physical evidence of sexual abuse, how to respond to victims, and how and to whom to report allegations and suspicions of sexual abuse and sexual harassment.

Training and Education - Issues - Inmate Education

Inmate Education

Standard 115.33/115.233 requires agencies to provide information on the agency’s zero tolerance policy regarding sexual abuse and sexual harassment and how to report incidents to inmates/residents upon intake. Within 30 days of intake, agencies must provide comprehensive education to inmates/residents either in person or through video on their right to be free from sexual abuse and sexual harassment, their right to be free from retaliation for reporting any incidents, and the agency’s response policies and procedures. For juvenile facilities, Standard 115.333 requires agencies to provide age-appropriate education within 10 days of intake. For lockups, Standard 115.132 requires agencies to notify detainees of the agency’s zero tolerance policy regarding sexual abuse and sexual harassment.

Resources

Training and Education - Resources - General

General

Training and Education - Resources - Adult Prisons and Jails

Adult Prisons and Jails

Training and Education - Resources - Juvenile Facilities

Juvenile Facilities

Training and Education - Resources - Lockups

Lockups