The NIJC offers many publications and materials concerning tribal issues and concerns, including Native youth juvenile justice.
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) is a 100% Native American operated non-profit corporation organized to design and deliver education, research, training, and technical assistance programs which promote the enhancement of justice in Indian country and the health, well-being, and culture of Native peoples. In particular, they provide assistance in the area of sexual violence against women and children, and offer one of the most comprehensive sources of information concerning criminal justice issues in Indian County on their Tribal Courts Clearinghouse page.
he report analyzes the grant program.
The Bureau of Justice Statistics regularly conducts national surveys of jails operating in Indian Country. The report contains a full presentation of the data, demographics, and data analysis, and is the main resource for such data on Indian Country jails.
The National Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Standards were released in 2012 to provide comprehensive guidance on the prevention, detection, and response to sexual abuse and violence within confinement settings across the country. Although the National PREA Standards do not specifically extend to tribal detention facilities, all confinement facilities, regardless of their obligations under PREA, are being held to a higher legal standard for the prevention of and response to sexual abuse and could potentially face increased civil penalties if they fail to do so. Further, enhancing the safety and security of facilities and inmates is a core mission for all corrections professionals, which includes protection against and prevention of sexual abuse.
Therefore, the National PREA Resource Center, in partnership with the American Probation and Parole Association, has produced the Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: The Impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act training curriculum to improve the capacity of tribal detention officers to adequately prevent and respond to incidents of sexual abuse within detention facilities in Indian Country.
The curriculum is designed specifically for tribal detention staff and affiliated organizations that interact with tribal detention facilities.
Curriculum Modules and Training Materials
The curriculum contains five modules and is intended to be delivered over the course of seven hours, not including breaks and lunch. The five modules are:
- Defining the Issue and Understanding PREA;
- Dynamics of Sexual Abuse, Violence, and Misconduct;
- Investigations and Legal Concerns;
- Review of PREA Standards; and
- Putting Into Practice What We Know.
PowerPoint slides for the webinar titled Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: The Impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act, which was broadcast on August 14, 2013.
Map and list of State Domestic Violence Coalitions, Tribal Coalitions, and State Sexual Violence Coalitions listed state by state.
This document provides data and discussion about the disparity in the representative numbers of American Indian and Alaska Native youth in the country’s juvenile justice system. Alternatives and potential solutions are explored.
The following analysis examines the history of the nation's Indian jails and their current condition as outlined in the DOI inspector general's September 2004 report, along with the response of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the recommendations made by the DOI inspector general. As Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont., remarked after reading the DOI inspector general's report, the "conditions [in Indian jails] are unacceptable. They must be fixed. [America] cannot fight for human rights abroad, if we fail to protect them at home. In these facilities, we have failed.”
This document includes the transcript from a hearing by Senate Committee on Indian Affairs on the conditions on Tribal Detention Facilities. Statements were made by various Senators, tribal organizations, and staffers from the U.S. Department of the Interior. This document also has supporting documentation provided that was relevant to the hearing.
Findings and recommendations regarding the conditions of detention facilities in Indian Country are presented. This report discusses oversight and coordination of the facility, safety and security, detention facility staffing, detention facility maintenance, funding of the detention program, detention program training, juveniles housed at adult facilities, overcrowding, policies and procedures, and positive findings in the detention program.
Description: This report by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights examines federal funding of programs intended to assist Native Americans at the Department of Interior, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Justice, Department of Education, and Department of Agriculture. The report reveals that federal funding directed to Native Americans through programs at these agencies has not been sufficient to address the basic and very urgent needs of Indigenous peoples. Among the myriad unmet needs are health care, education, public safety, housing, and rural development. The section on education outlines the history of federal Indian education; describes current issues related to dropout disparities, loss of cultural identity, and community involvement; and looks at unmet needs in the areas of school administration, special education, higher education, vocational rehabilitation, and other set-aside programs. Significant disparities in federal funding exist between Native Americans and other groups in our nation. Among immediate requirements for increased funding are infrastructure development, without which tribal governments cannot properly deliver services; tribal courts; and tribal priority allocations, which permit tribes to pursue their own priorities and respond to the needs of their citizens. The Commission recommends that all federal agencies administering Native American programs identify and regularly assess unmet needs.
The issue of incarceration is one that transcends all populations in the United States but is of particular import in communities of color. This is especially true for American Indians, whose rates of violent crime and incarceration are significantly higher than those of other races. The challenge of creating and maintaining prisons and jails is a significant one for any community, but for American Indian communities, which are already stretched financially and in terms of trained personnel, the challenge can seem overwhelming. Many Indian nations are creating and running jails regardless of the costs, because they have determined that they can provide custodial services near home communities and with cultural and traditional components that are not met by mainstream facilities. They have also determined that the provision of essential law enforcement and custodial services are opportunities to expand tribal sovereignty in important ways.