This empirical study systematically explores risk factors that staff perceive as important when ascertaining risk for prison sexual perpetration and victimization. This study examined ratings from 10 staff for 315 female and 1,842 male inmates screened for admission to correctional facilities in a Midwestern state. Overall, findings indicate that a low proportion of inmates were rated medium–high risk for either perpetration or victimization. In addition, results suggest that staff perceived risk factors for sexual violence somewhat differently for female and male inmates. Furthermore, data revealed that staff considered presentation characteristics more relevant than empirically derived risk factors when determining vulnerability to prison rape. Implications for institutional policy and prison sexual assault screening are discussed.
The Office of the Federal Detention Trustee (OFDT) manages and regulates the Federal detention programs and the Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS) by establishing a secure and effective operating environment that drives efficient and fair expenditure of appropriated funds.
The major functions and responsibilities of the Federal Detention Trustee are to:
- Direct and coordinate the budget and strategic planning submissions of detention operations to ensure internal consistency and elimination of duplication;
- Develop, implement, and monitor compliance with Department-wide standards, policies, and procedures;
- Develop and manage comprehensive statistical and financial databases describing detention activities;
- Develop and implement strategies to deal with detention "hot spots" and crises;
- Review existing detention practices and develop alternatives to improve mission efficiency and cost effectiveness; and
- Integrate existing predictive workload models to develop comprehensive, Department-wide detention planning capabilities.
- Manage JPATS through achieving efficiencies, effectiveness and operational improvements by driving process enhancements and network optimization, focusing on total transportation processes.
Summary of topics addressed the State PREA Coordinators’ Conference on December 14 – 16, 2009. Some of the topics discussed were: Written Policies and Procedures, PREA Staff Training and Inmate Education, Concerns about the NPREC standards, Responding to PREA Standards,Technical Assistance and Training, Investigation and Reporting,and Inmate Medical and Mental Health Services.
The article focuses on the unintended consequences of the legislation on juvenile sex offenders. The legislation established a national registry for sex offenders, including juvenile offenders 14 years or older. The registry of juvenile sex offenders, according to the author, has sparked a controversy, and legal attempts have been made to avoid registration. He concludes that actions to avoid registration may inadvertently prohibit treatment opportunities.
Findings suggest that a possible unintended consequence of sex offender legislation on juvenile sex offenders may be withholding juvenile sex offender treatment for youth who have committed sex crimes as a result of reduced charges at disposition in order to avoid registration requirements. Results found that based on the initial charge, the majority of juvenile sex crimes committed in the region were the most serious sex crimes; the majority of juvenile sex crimes were pled down to lesser charges, most of which became Gross Indecency charges; and the majority of juvenile sex offenders were not eligible for county-funded sex offender treatment as a result of dispositional charges. The introduction of sex offender legislation has significant implications for juvenile justice. Although the interaction of this legislation with civil rights and the ideological foundation for the juvenile justice system has begun to be explored, the impact of this legislation on dispositional decision making is still largely unknown. Because of the controversy surrounding sex offender legislation and juveniles, dispositional decision making action to avoid registration requirement may inadvertently prohibit treatment opportunities for this population. Continuous examination will be required to ensure that the strides that have been made in juvenile sex offender treatment and management are not inadvertently lost due to challenges faced by prosecutors and jurists attempting to work within the constructs of this legislation.
The Network has supported research examining the course of psychopathy from adolescence into adulthood, asking in essence: Once a psychopath, always a psychopath? This article defines the term “psychopath” describes differences in measurement between adolescents and adults and discusses the implications for policy and practice.
This article discusses existing case law from around the country regarding relationships between correctional staff and offenders/ex-offenders—incarcerated, in the community, and on probation and parole. For each case, exact policies or rules in question are provided in endnotes. Recommendations are also given for how to construct your agency’s policies in this area.
On September 4, 2003, the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003 (P.L. 108-79) was signed into law. The PREA created the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission to study and develop national standards on the prevention, detection, and punishment for rape in correctional settings. The commission has several studies underway required under PREA and has asked the National Academy of Public Administration to assist with two main areas of research: a review of policy and procedures and a review of surveillance and design techniques. The academy is an independent, nonprofit organization chartered by Congress. To learn more about the academy visit: http://www.napawash.org
In order to provide the commission with more information, this survey asked about policy, procedure, and practices, as well as surveillance techniques to prevent inmate-on-inmate prison rape and sexual misconduct with inmates. Information gathered from all reporting jails was used only in the aggregate